Z SQUARE 7, A B-29 TRUE STORY

Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 2

Home
The Z Square 7 Crew
Z Square 7 Crew Families
Z Square 7 Crew Cemeteries.
Missing Air Crew Report
Z Square 7 Crew Military Funeral
Memorial Lt Eugene M. Thomas Jr (Marion, Al)
Memorial Lt Francis X. Glacken (Cambridge, MA)
Memorial Lt Norman B. Bassett (Cornell University, Ithaca, NY)
Marcia Bassett McGrattan
Memorial Sgt George P. Demers (Lynn, MA)
Memorial Sgt George P. Demers (Lynn, MA)
Peter & Lillian Demers/Charlotte (Demers) Fiasconaro
Memorial Sgt Louis A. Dorio (Clarksville, VA)
HIRE OUR VETERANS!
POW-MIA-KIA Ceremony
500th Bomb Group, 73rd Wing Honor Roll
Bill Mauldin With Willie And Joe
Father John McBride
S/Sgt Kenneth O. Eslick with Photo Album
Sgt Jesse S. Klein. 41-13180
Frank Farr & Merseburg, Germany
"Lili Marlene" The Song!
"Lili Marlene" The B-17
"Lily Marlene" The B-24
"Lili Marlene" The B-24
Ivan Fail Introduction and "Long Before The Guns And Tanks."
Ivan Fail's "Tribute to the Queen"
American Battle Monuments Commission - Cemeteries
American Battle Monuments Commission - Memorials
NATIONAL WORLD WAR II MEMORIAL
THE MARINE CORPS WAR MEMORIAL (IWO JIMA )
KOREAN WAR VETERANS MEMORIAL
VIETNAM VETERANS MEMORIAL
M/Sgt Roy P. Benavidez, Vietnam Medal Of Honor
Frank Farr Poetry "November 2, 1944", "Old Men And The War", " Merseburg"
Some Pictures of World War 2
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Pages Introduction
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Crew Index
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 1
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 2
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 3
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 4
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 5
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 6
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 7
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 8
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 9
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 10
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 11
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 12
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 13
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 14
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 15
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 16
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 17
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 18
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 19
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 20
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 21
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 22
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 23
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 24
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page 25
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page - B29 Superfortress
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page - B26 Marauder
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page - B25 Mitchell
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page - B24 Liberator
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page - B17 Flying Fortress
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page - C87 Liberator Express
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page - PBM-5 Mariner
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page - A20 Havoc Attack Bomber
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page - C47 Transport
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page - P61 Black Widow
Zachary Taylor Nat'l Cemetery Memorial Page - A26 Invader
GIVE OUR VETERANS JOBS!!
Ivan Fail's "The Tuskegee Airmen"
Airmen Medal Of Honor Memorial
Memorial Page #1
Memorial Page #2
Memorial Page #3
Memorial Page #4
Memorial Page #5
Memorial Page #6
The Navajo Code Talkers & Native American Medals Of Honor
Ivan Fail's "D Day, The Normandy Invasion"
B-29 Crew Positions & Specifications
About The Book
C. Clayton Thompson Bookseller
Ivan Fail's "When The Mustangs Came"
Contacts
Ivan Fail "The Eighteen Wheeler's Hymn"
Awards
Lompoc Veterans Memorial Building with photo album
Ivan Fail's "Against All Odds - Mission Complete"
Ford Tolbert by Sallyann
Ford Tolbert Pictures
A Tribute to Lt Raymond "Hap" Halloran
Lt Raymond "Hap" Halloran
Colonel Gregory "Pappy" Boyington, USMC, The Black Sheep Squadron
Lt Halloran Eulogy for Colonel Boyington
Omori POW Camp
Ivan Fail's "A Salute To Lt. Holguin"/ "Shoo Shoo Baby"
Great Bend, Kansas B-29 Memorial
General Lemay's biography including a B-29 nose art photo album
THE GENERAL AND MRS CURTIS LEMAY FOUNDATION
March 9 and 10, 1945 Over Tokyo
Lt "Hap" Halloran on March 10, 1945
General Earl Johnson
General Earl Johnson Biography
313th Bomb Wing Mining Missions
Lt Robert Copeland, copilot, Z Square 8
Pyote Bomber Base With A Photo Album
History of "Diamond Lil" With A Photo Album
History of "FIFI" With A Photo Album
"Hap" Halloran induction Combat Airman Hall of Fame
Blackie Blackburn with a photo album
Hap's Memorable Flight On FIFI
C. Douglas Caffey, A WW2 Veteran, Book Of Poetry
C. Douglas Caffey Collection Of Poetry
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C. Douglas Caffey on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
C. Douglas Caffey With More on PTSD
C. Douglas Caffey Memorial Day Flying The Flag
C. Douglas Caffey Saying Goodbye To America
OUR VETERANS NEED WORK!
Pearl Harbor with Photo Album
The Pacific Theater
Battle of Saipan, Mariana Islands
Saipan Medals of Honor
Battle of Tinian, Mariana Islands
Tinian Medals of Honor
Battle of Guam, Mariana Islands
Guam Medals of Honor
Battle of Iwo Jima
Iwo Jima Medals of Honor
Cpl Ira Hayes, USMC
Battle of Okinawa
Okinawa Medals of Honor
Japanese Surrender
Navy Ships At Surrender Ceremonies
Ivan Fail's "The Saga Of The Superfortress"
Ivan Fail's "The Silent Sentries"
Last Page

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The B-29 42-6301, assigned to the 25th Squadron, 40th Bomb Group, crashed west of Hsinching, China, on August 20, 1944. The crew was buried in Section E 66-68 on May 17, 1949. There were no survivors.

 

Captain James A. Slattery, Jr,

1/Lt James Abernathy, Jr,

Sgt Byron E Angevine

2/Lt John R,  James

Sgt Francis R. Jelacic

F/O Harvey L.  Kantlehner

T/SgtThomas W, Lacy

Sgt Edward H. Ringgold, III

S/Sgt Roy E, Wagner

     

Section G 65, Beverly National Cemetery, Beverly, N.J.

Linton, Robert  
      

Unknown Location of burial

Betz, Howard A

 

Sixty-one of seventy-five B-29's of the 58th BW dispatched from Chengtu bomb the Imperial Iron and Steel Works at Yawata during the day with 96 tons of bombs; six B-29's attack secondary targets and targets of opportunity. B-29's claim 17 Japanese aircraft shot down. (Fourteen B-29's are lost in combat or due to operational accidents, including one from which the crew bails out over Soviet Territory. Two of the B-29's lost over Yawata are downed as a result of intentional ramming by a Ki-45. Among the many airmen lost is Col. Richard H. Carmichael, the 462nd BG commanding officer.)

During the night of 20-21 August, ten of 13 B-29's taking off late from Chengtu attack the Yawata Iron Works; five attack secondary targets.

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This B-24 Liberator, 42-40745, “Bar-A,” and crew were assigned to the 68th Squadron of the 44th Bomb Group.  They were shot down on July 2, 1943 with no survivors. They were buried in Section E 271-273 on February 15, 1950 at the Zachary Taylor National Cemetery.

  

Major Thomas R. Cramer, Command Pilot

1/Lt Robert E. Peterson, Pilot

2/Lt James A. Tabor, Navigator.

2/Lt Eugene R. Monahan, Bombardier

T/Sgt Charles W. Pharis,  Engineer

T/Sgt Woodrow J. Cooney, Radio Oper.

S/Sgt Steve Niznok, Asst. Eng.

S/Sgt Clifton C. Hall, Asst. Radio.

S/Sgt Harry G. Smith, Waist Gunner

S/Sgt Arthur M. Yoakum, Tail Turret

 

The MACR has two versions of what occurred. One observer states that just as we crossed the coast of Italy, and before we reached the target, he looked back to see an Me 109 coming up from below at about 0730 o’clock. The Me 109 was firing at ship #42-40745 and was apparently hitting it from the bomb bay to the cockpit. Smoke was coming out of the left wing. The ship turned over on its back and started down in large circles. The next thing he saw was a flash at about the time of the crash. He did not see any of the crew bail out. A second witness said, “I saw cannon shells bursting off of the right wing of ship #42-40745 and saw that #4 engine had been hit, and started smoking. Apparently the cockpit had been hit as the ship started down on its left wing, out of control. None of the crew bailed out.” Captain Lehnhausen stated that this was the first mission for Lt. Peterson and that Major Thomas R. Cramer, as per his usual procedure, flew as co-pilot to offer his experience to this new crew. Lt. Raymond Hamlyn, the regular co-pilot, did not fly that day. Colonel Leon Johnson later said that Thomas Cramer was a super person who had all the qualifications to become Chief of Staff.

It was a tremendous loss!

 

In response to an inquiry to the Department of the Army, I received the following reply dated September 26, 2004: “Our official files reveal eye witness accounts, that airplane B-24D, #42-40745 assigned to the 44th Bombardment Group, 68th Bombardment Squadron departed Benina, Libya, on an operational mission to Lecce, Italy, at approximately 0931, July 2, 1943. The weather conditions were given as South, South West surface wind with unlimited visibility. Shortly after crossing the coast of Italy, the airplane was intercepted by a German fighter, an Me109, and a running battle ensued. The intercepting aircraft riddled the bomber from its bomb bay to cockpit with machine gun and cannon fire. The fighter then proceeded to disable the already damaged plane by concentrating its attacks upon its wings and engines. Cannon shells damaged the right wing severely, number four engine was smoking, and smoke was coming from the left wing. The cockpit of the bomber was hit and the plane turned over and went down out of control. None of the crew was seen to parachute from the plane during its descent. Immediately after the plane crashed to earth, it burst into flames and the flash was seen by other planes of the same formation flying high above. “Members of the American Graves Registration Service recovered remains from a mass grave in Muro Leccesse Civilian Cemetery, and the Civilian Cemetery of Cavallino, Italy. These remains were reinterred in the United States Military Cemetery, Bari, Italy, with unknown designations, pending further investigations. Although the circumstances rendered individual identification impossible, sufficient evidence was present to determine that the unknown remains were those of the 10 service members of flight #42-40745 and to warrant a group identification of the remains. These group remains were interred in Zachary Taylor National Cemetery, located in Louisville, Kentucky.

 

 On February 15, 1943, then Captain Cramer crash landed the B-24, “The Captain and the Kids,” 41-23800. Three members of this crew parachuted from the plane and were killed. However, three other members of the crew, including Captain Cramer, were killed shortly after this incident. 

 

This aircraft, too, was damaged by the flak over Dunkirk at approximately 1540 hours, being hit in #4 engine, which was feathered immediately. The same hit also crippled the bomb release mechanism, the hydraulic system and portions of the oxygen system. Three FW 190s, reported as painted gray with yellow noses, attacked in a line from astern, from near nine o’clock. One of these enemy aircraft was claimed as destroyed by right waist gunner, Sgt. McMackin. During these attacks, some small holes, either from 20-mm shells or machine guns bullets, developed in the intake manifold of #2 engine. Too, about this same time, a 20-mm shell entered the cockpit, bursting just aft of the pilot, Captain T. R. Cramer, who was protected by the armor plated seat. Two more 20-mm shells entered the waist position, one of which slightly wounded Sgt. MacCammond. A subsequent attack started a fire in #1 engine but this was extinguished temporarily, and #2 engine was feathered. About mid-channel, near 8,000 feet altitude, the third attack by three FW 190s, also gray with yellow noses, occurred from 9 o’clock, level. The left waist gunner returned fire at about 1,000 yards but the enemy aircraft continued to close until near 300 yards, and then broke off. These three fighters had just attempted to finish off Lt. Oliphant’s ship, which had been yawing badly. (This attack was not seen by Diehl’s crew.) A few moments later #1 engine again caught fire and began to burn. At this same time Lt. Flynn, the bombardier, went out on the catwalk in the bomb bay and manually jettisoned the bombs. Then Lt. Flynn, Lt. Poole, and T/Sgt. Crump also bailed out by way of the open bomb bay. This sequence was observed by crewmembers in Lt. Diehl’s aircraft. At 1615 hours, it became apparent to Capt. Cramer that his ship could not make base so he headed for the beach area. He succeeded in crash-landing on the beach 10 to 15 yards from the water’s edge. The landing was made without flaps or landing gear, but those on board were not injured seriously, and they soon managed to extinguish the fire in #1 engine. Site of crash was approximately one mile south of Ramsgate. Two bodies (Poole and Flynn) were recovered immediately. Crump’s body was never found

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The B-24, 42-40077, “Yankee Doodle Dandy” was assigned to the 319th Squadron of the 90th Bomb Group. They were shot down on April 12, 1944. Most of the crew was buried on February 20, 1950 in Section E 292-293 of the Zachary Taylor Nat’l Cemetery

1/Lt Howard L. Golden, Pilot, Captured and beheaded 

2/Lt John R. Jennings – Copilot, Captured

2/Lt Bernard M. Donahue, Captured and beheaded

2/Lt George A. Sparks – Buried at Zachary Taylor Nat’l Cemetery

T/Sgt Edward N. Stachowiak – Buried at Zachary Taylor Nat’l Cemetery

T/Sgt Allen D. Toppert  – Buried at Zachary Taylor Nat’l Cemetery

S/Sgt  Eugene A. Ivers – Believed drowned.

Sgt Joseph C. Minnich – Buried at Zachary Taylor Nat’l Cemetery

Sgt Allen W. Pearson – Buried at Zachary Taylor Nat’l Cemetery

S/Sgt Fred J. Shroad – Buried at Zachary Taylor Nat’l Cemetery

    These three men were passengers and not part of the crew.

S/Sgt Guy A. Bule, Photographer – Buried at Zachary Taylor Nat’l Cemetery

Sgt William D. Ballou, Observer from V Bomber Command – Buried at Zachary Taylor

Sgt David S. Ingerman, 5th Air Force Combat Camera Unit – Buried at Zachary Taylor

 

 

Lt Golden was captured and beheaded.

Lt Donohue was captured and beheaded.

Lt Jennings . – A Japanese man remembers Lt Jennings being brought to his home and turned over to Japanese authorities. He heard rumors that Lt Jennings was executed. .

S/Sgt Ivers was found on the bank of a lake and buried by villagers still in his parachute.

 

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The plane and crew were lost on April 12, 1944 while on a bombing mission to Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea.

A report from another squadron stated. “A plane from 319th Bomb Squadron became separated from the squadron and tried to attach itself to our squadron. However, this plane dropped behind the formation, reason was not known. When enemy fighters attacked this plane was 2,000 yards behind our formation. The Tony's and Hamp continued their dive through our formation and pressed their attack on the straggling plane. Many strikes were seen registering on it and knocking out at least two engines and probably scoring hits on the cockpit, with 20mm shells. The plane was seen to smoke and went into a flat spiral, crashing with a terrific explosion. Two parachutes were seen but fighters strafed them before they reached the ground."

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This B-17 Flying Fortress, 42-102426, “Kidley Divey” and crew were assigned to the 407th Squadron of the 92nd Bomb Group.  On September 11, 1944 the aircraft was shot down over Merseburg, Germany while bombing the oil refineries. The Bombardier F/O Anderson was the only survivor and spent the rest of the war in a POW Camp. On November 15, 1949 four members of the crew were buried in Section E Site 188 at the Zachary Taylor National Cemetery.

 

 

 2/Lt William J. McIlone, Pilot   Zachary Taylor National Cemetery

2/Lt Ezra N. Loyd, Copilot       Zachary Taylor National Cemetery

2/Lt Stanley A. Sobotik, Navigator    Netherlands American Cemetery
F/O Ralph H. Anderson, Bombardier -        POW  at Stalag Luft 1

T/Sgt Paul J. Garman, Gunner/Engineer   Netherlands American Cemetery

S/Sgt Douglas M. Fulkerson, Radio Operator    Netherlands American Cemetery

S/Sgt James E. Sheehan Jr., Gunner     KIA
Cpl Howard A. Bohn, Gunner       Zachary Taylor National Cemetery

Cpl Elmer S. Kirby Jr., Tailgunner    Zachary Taylor national Cemetery

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This B-17 Flying Fortress, 42-97082, “Mission Mistress,” and crew were assigned to the 410th Squadron of the 94th Bomb Group. On January 6, 1945 'Mission Mistress' crashed on take off at the end of the main runway after the number four engine failed just at the point of take-off.  Five of the nine man crew onboard lost their lives in the tragic crash and the explosions that followed. On April 30, 1949 S/Sgt Tate and Sgt Von Bokel were buried in Section E Site 33 at the Zachary Taylor National Cemetery.

 

 410th BS crew onboard 'Mission Mistress' January 6th 1945:


S/Sgt James F. Tate, Gunner & Engineer    Zachary Taylor Nat’l Cemetery
Sgt Raymond J. Von Bokel, Radio Operator  Zachary Taylor Nat’l Cemetery

1/Lt Jack W. Collins, Pilot             Cambridge American Cemetery
2/Lt Gordon F. Henry, Navigator     Cambridge American Cemetery

     *Lt. Henry was from Lt. Robert Hall's crew (Heavenly Comrade).

Sgt Clinton R. Hallman Jr, Bombardier      Cambridge American Cemetery

2/Lt Robert J. Doran, Co-Pilot.
Sgt Ony "Tony" M. Carrico, Gunner

Sgt Nicholas A. Urda, Waist gunner.
Sgt Cecil H. Schermerhorn, Tail Gunner.

Missing from the crew on this mission due to illness was 2/Lt Julius Wishner who was the navigator for this crew. After WWII Lt. Wishner became a Professor at the University of Pensylvania but sadly passed away in 1993.

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Sgt. "Tony" Carrico

Obituaries, March 24, 2011


Tony Carrico

Tony M. Carrico, 85, of Buskirk, Ky., died Tuesday, March 22, 2011 at Williamson Memorial Hospital. He was born June 3, 1925 in Lothair, Ky., to the late Thomas Mumford Carico and Nancy Jane Hall Carico. In addition to his parents, Tony is preceded in death by brothers, William "Billy" Perry Carico, and Basil Aubrey Carico; and sisters Flossie Hazel Carico, and Ruth Danola Carrico Grizzle.

Tony was a graduate of Hiawassee College, in Tenn., where he earned an associate degree in bookkeeping. He was also retried, having worked as superintendent for the Matewan Water Department. Tony's love for his family was manifested through the enjoyment of spending time with those he loved and held dear to his heart.

Along with his academic accomplishments and devotion to his family, Tony also served our country with honor in the Army Air Corps' 94th Bomb Group. As a 19-year-old sergeant in the Army's Eighth Air Force, he received the Soldier's Medal for "heroism displayed" during the rescue of the crewmen of his crashed and burning "Flying Fortress"during World War II. Tony was the last known survivor of the Mission Mistress Plane Crash in England and was one of the very few who survived. In recent years, Tony was honored for his service to our country during the Veterans Day program of Matewan.

Tony is survived by his loving wife of 56 years, Laura Carroll Carrico of Buskirk; sons, Tony Lee (Cheryl) Carrico and Richard Carrico, both of Buskirk; daughters, Loretta Ann Carrico (Edward) Emmendorfer of Chesapeake, Va., and Norma Ruth Carrico of Buskirk; grandchildren, William Edward "Billy" and Toni LeAnn Carrico, Jeremy Scott (Rebecca) and Melissa Sue Emmendorfer.

Services honoring the life of Tony will be held Friday, March 25 at 1 p.m. at Chambers Funeral Services Chapel with the Revs. Curtis Bond and Bobby Perry officiating. Burial will follow at Pinson Cemetery at Buskirk. Family and friends will serve as pallbearers.

The family will begin receiving friends on Thursday, March 24 at the Chambers Funeral Services Chapel from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m.

Military honors will be performed graveside by the DAV Belfry Chapter #141 of Belfry, Ky.

You are invited to share expressions of sympathy online at www.chambersfuneralservices.com

Obituary courtesy of Chambers Funeral Services of Matewan.

 

Thank you Dianna Estepp for sending me Tony Carrico's picture and obituary.

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This B-17, 42-30859, named “Skylark,” was assigned to the 96th Bomb Group, 413th Squadron. The crew was killed in a mid-air collision on January 29, 1944. They were buried on September 26, 1949 in Section E Plot 158-159 at the Zachary Taylor National Cemetery.

 

 

1/Lt Louis C. Kandl, Pilot                Zachary Taylor National Cemetery

2/Lt Brandin J. Britt, Copilot             Zachary Taylor National Cemetery

1/Lt Albert Combs, Bombardier            Golden Gate National Cemetery

2/Lt Robert W. Stanton, Navigator         Golden Gate National Cemetery

T/Sgt Edward J. Knapp, Top Turret Gunner      Zachary Taylor National Cemetery

T/Sgt Robert J. Scanlon, Radio Operator         Zachary Taylor National Cemetery

S/Sgt Theodore E. Brown, Gunner                   POW

S/Sgt Aaron E. Shoop, Gunner                                Buried in Montana

S/Sgt Charles E. Harbaugh, Tailgunner                   POW

 

The crew did not return from this mission due to a mid-air collision over Germany in an air battle on the way back from the target. Two members of the "Skylark" crew survived and were taken P.O.W. They spent 12 months in Stalag Luft III, then 3 months in Stalag VIIA. They were liberated on April 29, 1945, by General George Patton's armored division and returned to the U.S. in May of 1945. The remains of the rest of the crew were located and returned to the U.S. in 1948. Four were interred in a military cemetery in Kentucky and the other 2 were interred by their families.

 

By Charles Harbaugh:

In January of 1944 the crew of "Sky Lark" was assigned the position of squadron leader. On the morning of January 29, 1944 after being briefed and assigned the target of Frankfurt, during the warm up and preflight inspection of the aircraft, a mechanical problem developed. While the problem was being rectified by the ground crew, the squadron took off with the normally second plane in the lead. By the time our plane was air worthy and we caught up with the assembling group, it was too late to take over the lead and we filled in farther back in the formation.

 

After the bombs were dropped through a hole in the overcast (undercast to us) on what we thought was Frankfurt we turned for home base. No friendly escort fighters appeared, but scores of German fighters did. They attacked the formation and tried to dive through the formation, a tactic used to loosen the defensive fire power and get a bomber on the side by itself.

 

All of a sudden I heard over the intercom, "Look out", then a crash and I was in the tail section alone, and the rest of the plane was gone. I had little trouble freeing myself but when I jumped and rolled over to open my parachute the tail section was following me down at nearly the same rate of speed I was falling. I waited as long as possible to open my parachute and somehow the parachute missed the tail section and we landed seconds apart in a small field. The tail section was not more than 200 Staff Sergeant Theodore D. Brown, the right waist gunner, was thrown out of the plane when it was broken in two at the waist. He was wearing his chute and landed safely.

 

After returning home after the war he was interrogated about the crash.

 

Theodore Brown:

"The collision happened at about 11:45 Greenwich Time at an altitude of 23,000 feet on the way home near Belgium. Besides me only the tailgunner could bail out; he was in the tail which had been separated. On the ground I met two crew members of the other plane, the bombardier and one of the waist gunners.

 

Our pilot Kandl didn't bail out. He was caught in the ship. My last contact with him was during the usual interphone conversation. When I saw him last he was not injured. I think he must have been trying to straighten the ship out also he must have known the tail was off. The controls were out and the ship was falling.

 

Ball turret gunner also didn't bail out, his chute was outside the ball. He was not injured but trapped in the ball. I think the ball turret was cut off and could only be worked manually. The ship was falling and spinning and he couldn't get out off the ball.

 

Top turret gunner Knapp saw the wing ship coming toward us and started to warn the pilot but it was too late. The ship went into a dive and he was not wearing his chute and must have been trapped in the ship.

 

I saw Shoop, left waist gunner, the last time before I bailed out. He didn't wear his chute and I asked him if he wanted to put his chute on and he shook his head "no". Germans reported him dead. I think he either went out without a chute or stayed in the ship. I personally think he went out. The slipstream was cutting the ship and he stood near to the edge.

 

Due to the crash of the other ship colliding with ours and breaking ours in two, radio operator Scanlon may have fell against something in the radio room and lost conciousness and did not got out."

 

Charles Harbaugh about his capture:

"At the edge of a field there was a line of trees, about 50 yards long, behind another field and then a hill. I threw my chute into the tail section debris, passed the first field and hid under the trees. When I heard a search party approaching I left the trees on the other side to run across the second field toward the hills. Reaching the middle of the field, I saw a  German soldier riding a motor bike around the edge of the line of trees. He shouted "Halt!" and I stopped at once. He rode to me and I became his prisoner. He asked for the chute, so we went back to the tail and took it. I wore my .45 pistols but didn't even think of pulling it. Furthermore the soldiers wore a weapon. He told me to walk on and showed the direction, so I walked. And he followed with his

motor bike. The time must have been about noon."

 

"I was taken to a small village a short distance away. Times and distances are deceptive, especially after all these years. I do remember a column of smoke rising from the other side of a hill and what sounded like ammunition exploding in the fire. That evening one or two others and myself were taken by truck to a place where we met other American flyers and were kept over night. That is were I met Ted Brown, our waist gunner. He was thrown from the plane but had his chute on and was uninjured as was I. He drifted several kilometers away on the way down. "

 

"The next day we were put on a train and taken to the Dulag Interrogation Center in Frankfurt. After having been bombed a day or two before it is needless to say the civilians were not happy. We were protected by the army guards and were not mistreated at any time. After being interrogated by the Luftwaffe I was taken by train to Stalag Luft III near Sagan. I was in custody until January of 1945 when the Russians were moving into Germany from the east. At that time we were moved out and taken to Stalag VII A where I was liberated April 29, 1945.

 

I have never been able to get in touch with Theodore D. Brown. The remains of the crew members were returned to the U.S. in the late forties. I was notified by the War Department and attended the internment at a National Cemetery and met their next of kin but Brown did not attend and no one knew his whereabouts then."

  

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