Not all that unusual in those days as the personnel at Station 131 gathered around the tower and
scattered hardstands to await the return of the B-17's sent out earlier that morning.
First comes the far off rumble
and drone of the Cyclones. Then a spec on the East Anglia horizon. Soon a small cluster indicating the lead squadron. Finally,
Then the counting. 1-2-3-4-5... ..
But that would have been normal. Today was different! It was too
early for the group to return.
"They're 20 minutes early. Can't be the 398th."
They could hear it before they
could see it! Something was coming home. But what?
All eyes turned toward the northeast, aligning with the main runway,
each ground guy and stood-down airman straining to make out this "wail of a Banshee," as one called it.
Not like a
single B-17 with its characteristic deep roar of the engines
blended with four thrashing propellers. This was a howl! Like
wind blowing into a huge whistle.
Then it came into view. It WAS a B-17!
Low and pointing her
nose at the 6,000 foot runway, it appeared for all the world to be crawling toward the earth, screaming in protest.
need for the red flares. All who saw this Fort knew there was death
"Look at that nose!" they said as all
eyes stared in amazement as this
single, shattered remnant of a once beautiful airplane glided in for an
"hot" landing. She took all the runway as the "Banshee"
noise finally abated, and came to an inglorious stop in the mud
just beyond the concrete runway.
Men and machines raced to the now silent and lonely aircraft. The ambulance and medical
staff were there first. The fire truck....ground and air personnel... .jeeps, truck, bikes.....
Out came one of the
crew members from the waist door, then another.
Strangely quiet. The scene was almost weird. Men stood by as if in shock,
not knowing whether to sing or cry.
Either would have been acceptable.
The medics quietly made their way to
the nose by way of the waist door as the remainder of the crew began exiting. And to answer the obvious question, "what happened?"
happened?" was easy to see. The nose was a scene of utter destruction. It was as though some giant aerial can opener had peeled
the nose like an orange, relocating shreads of metal, plexiglass, wires and tubes on the cockpit windshield and even up to
the top turret. The left cheek gun hung limp, like a broken arm.
One man pointed to the crease in chin turret. No mistaking
that mark! A German 88 anti-aircraft shell had exploded in the lap of the togglier.
This would be George Abbott of
Mt. Labanon, PA. He had been a waist gunner before training to take over the bombardier's role.
Still in the cockpit,
physically and emotionally exhausted, were pilot Larry deLancey and co-pilot Phil Stahlman.
Navigator Ray LeDoux finally
tapped deLancey on the shoulder and suggested they get out. Engineer turret gunner Ben Ruckel already had made his way to
the waist was exiting along with radio operator Wendell Reed, ball turret gunner Al Albro, waist gunner Russell Lachman and
tail gunner Herbert Guild.
Stahlman was flying his last scheduled mission as a replacement for regular co-pilot, Grady
Cumbie. The latter had been hospitalized the day before with an ear problem. Lachman was also a "sub," filling in for Abbott
in the waist.
DeLancey made it as far as the end of the runway, where he sat down with knees drawn up, arms crossed
and head down. The ordeal was over, and now the drama was beginning a mental re-play.
Then a strange scene took place.
CO Col. Frank P. Hunter had arrived after viewing the landing from the tower and was about to approach deLancey. He was physically
restrained by flight surgeon Dr. Robert Sweet.
"Colonel, that young man doesn't want to talk now. When he is ready
you can talk to him, but for now leave him alone."
Sweet handed pills out to each crew member and told them to go to
their huts and sleep.
No dramatics, no cameras, no interviews. The crew would depart the next day for "flak leave"
to shake off the stress. And then be expected back early in November. (Just in time to resume "normal" activities on a mission
Mission No. 98 from Nuthampstead had begun at 0400 that morning of October 15, 1944. It would be Cologne
(again), led by CA pilots Robert Templeman of the 602nd, Frank Schofield of the 601st and Charles Khourie of the 603rd.
and death appeared quickly and early that day. Templeman and pilot Bill Scott got the 602nd off at the scheduled 0630 hour,
approximately 0645 Khouri and pilot Bill Meyran and their entire crew
crashed on takeoff in the town of Anstey.
All were killed. Schofield and
Harold Stallcup followed successfully with the 601st, with deLancey flying on their left
wing in the lead element.
The ride to the target was routine, until the flak started becoming
were going through heavy flak on the bomb run," remembered deLancey. "I felt the plane begin to lift as the bombs were dropped,
then all of a sudden we were rocked by a violent explosion. My first thought - 'a bomb exploded in the bomb bay' - was immediately
discarded as the top of the nose section peeled back over the cockpit blocking the forward view."
"It seemed like the
whole world exploded in front of us," added Stahlman. "The instrument panel all but disintegrated and layers of quilted batting
exploded in a million pieces. It was like a momentary snowstorm in the cockpit."
It had been a direct hit in the nose.
Killed instantly was the togglier,
Abbott. Navigator LeDoux, only three feet behind Abbott, was knocked
for a moment, but was miraculously was alive.
Although stunned and bleeding, LeDoux made his way to the cockpit to
find the two pilots struggling to maintain control of an airplane that by all rights should have been in its death plunge.
LeDoux said there was nothing anyone could do for Abbott, while Ruckel opened the door to the bomb bay and signaled to the
four crewman in the radio room that all was OK - for the time being.
The blast had torn away the top and much of the
sides of the nose.
Depositing enough of the metal on the windshield to make it difficult for
either of the pilots to
"The instrument panel was torn loose and all the flight instruments were inoperative with the exception of the
magnetic compass mounted in the panel above the windshield. And its accuracy was questionable. The radio and intercom were
gone, the oxygen lines broken, and there was a ruptured hydraulic line under my rudder pedals," said deLancey.
this complicated by the sub-zero temperature at 27,000 feet blasting
into the cockpit.
"It was apparent that the
damage was severe enough that we could not
continue to fly in formation or at high altitude. My first concern was to
the other aircraft in the formation, and to get clear of the other
planes in case we had to bail out. We eased out of formation,
and at the
same time removed our oxygen masks as they were collapsing on our faces as the tanks were empty."
this point the formation continued on its prescribed course for home
- a long, slow turn southeast of Cologne and finally
DeLancey and Stahlman turned left, descending rapidly and hoping, they were heading west. (And also, not
into the gun sights of German
fighters.) Without maps and navigation aids, they had difficulty getting a fix. By this time
they were down to 2,000 feet.
"We finally agreed that we were over Belgium and were flying in a
said the pilot.
"About this time a pair of P-51's showed up and flew a loose formation on us across Belgium. I often
wondered what they thought as they looked at the mess up front."
"We hit the coast right along the Belgium-Holland
border, a bit farther
north than we had estimated. Ray said we were just south of Walcheren
an area of ground fighting, the plane received some small arms
fire. This gesture was returned in kind by Albro, shooting
from one of the waist guns.
"We might have tried for one of the airfields in France, but having no maps this also was
questionable. Besides, the controls and engines seemed to be OK, so I made the decision to try for home."
England, LeDoux soon picked up landmarks and gave me course corrections taking us directly to Nuthampstead. It was just a
great bit of navigation. Ray just stood there on the flight deck and gave us the headings from memory."
field, Stahlman let the landing gear down. That was an
assurance. But a check of the hydraulic pump sent another spray
of oil to the cockpit floor. Probably no brakes!
Nevertheless, a flare from Ruckel's pistol had to announce the "ready
or not" landing. No "downwind leg" and "final approach" this time. Straight in!
"The landing was strictly by guess
and feel," said DeLancey. "Without
instruments, I suspect I came in a little hot. Also, I had to lean to the
see straight ahead. The landing was satisfactory, and I had
sufficient braking to slow the plane down some. However, as
I neared the taxiway, I could feel the brakes getting 'soft'. I felt that losing control and blocking the taxiway would cause
more problems than leaving the plane at the end of the runway."
That consideration was for the rest of the group. Soon
three squadrons of B-17's would be returning, and they didn't need a derelict airplane blocking the way to their respective
Stahlman, supremely thankful that his career with the 398th had come to an end, soon returned home and
in due course became a captain with Eastern Airlines. Retired in 1984, Stahlman said his final Eastern flight "was a bit more
routine" than the one 40 years before.
DeLancey and LeDoux received decorations on December 11, 1944 for their parts
in the October 15 drama. DeLancey was awarded the Silver Star for his "miraculous feat of flying skill and ability" on behalf
of General Doolittle, CO of the Eighth Air Force. LeDoux for his "extraordinary navigation skill", received the Distinguished
The following deLancey 1944 article was transcribed from the 398th BG
Historical Microfilm. Note:
due to wartime security, Nuthampstead is not mentioned, and the route deLancey flew home is referred to in general terms.TO: STARS AND STRIPES
FOR GENERAL RELEASE
AIR FORCE BOMBER STATION, ENGLAND - After literally losing the nose of his B-17 Flying Fortress as the result of a direct
hit by flak over Cologne, Germany on October 15, 1944, 1st Lt. Lawrence M. deLancey, 25, of Corvallis, Oregon returned to
England and landed the crew safely at his home base. Each man walked away from the plane except the togglier, Staff Sergeant
George E. Abbott, Mt. Lebanon, Pennsylvania, who was killed instantly when the flak struck.
It was only the combined
skill and teamwork of Lt. deLancey and 2nd Lt. Raymond J. LeDoux, of Mt. Angel, Oregon, navigator, that enabled the plane
and crew to return safely.
"Just after we dropped our bombs and started to turn away from the target", Lt. deLancey
explained, "a flak burst hit directly in the nose and blew practically the entire nose section to threads. Part of the nose
peeled back and obstructed my vision and that of my co-pilot, 1st Lt. Phillip H. Stahlman of Shippenville, Pennsylvania. What
little there was left in front of me looked like a scrap heap. The wind was rushing through. Our feet were exposed to the
open air at nearly 30,000 feet above the ground the temperature was unbearable.
"There we were in a heavily defended
flak area with no nose, and practically no instruments. The instrument panel was bent toward me as the result of the impact.
My altimeter and magnetic compass were about the only instruments still operating and I couldn't depend on their accuracy
too well. Naturally I headed for home immediately. The hit which had killed S/Sgt. Abbott also knocked Lt. LeDoux back in
the catwalk (just below where I was sitting). Our oxygen system also was out so I descended to a safe altitude.
LeDoux who had lost all his instruments and maps in the nose did a
superb piece of navigating to even find England."
the route home flak again was encountered but due to evasive action Lt. deLancey was able to return to friendly territory.
Lt. LeDoux navigated the ship directly to his home field.
Although the plane was off balance without any nose section,
without any brakes (there was no hydraulic pressure left), and with obstructed vision, Lt. deLancey made a beautiful landing
to the complete amazement of all personnel at this field who still are wondering how the feat was accomplished.
other members of the crew include:
Technical Sergeant Benjamin H. Ruckel, Roscoe,
engineer top turret gunner;
Technical Sergeant Wendell A. Reed,
Shelby, Michigan, radio
Technical Sergeant Russell A. Lachman,
Rockport, Mass., waist
Staff Sergeant Albert Albro, Antioch, California,
Staff Sergeant Herbert D. Guild, Bronx, New York,
Originally printed in 398th Bomb Group Remembrances
<http://webmail. aol.com/Research /Books/index. html#anchor_ Remembrances>
by Allen Ostrom, pages 45-46, published 1989.
Transcribed September 2003 by Lee
Anne Bradley, 398th Bomb Group Historian.